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Essential Journal Articles That Every Podiatrist Should Read

I am an admitted article nerd. I have over 3,600 podiatry journal articles saved on my computer. I have a dangerous level of access to journals. It is a sickness, I know. I wanted to put together a list of essential articles that every podiatric physician/student should read. I ended up with more than I intended but it is a reasonable list.

What are my favorites? The Christensen series on first ray biomechanics is brilliant. The two Amis articles on equinus are profound. The Dayton and LaPorta articles are changing the hallux abducto valgus paradigm. All the diabetic foot articles are a gold mine of information. Enjoy!

Diabetic Foot Articles

  • Singh N, Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA. Preventing foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. J Am Med Assoc. 2005; 293(2):217-228.
  • Boulton AJM, Vileikyte L, Ragnarson-Tennvall G, Apelqvist J. The global burden of diabetic foot disease. Lancet. 2005; 366(9498):1719-1724.
  • Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Classification of diabetic foot wounds. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1996; 35(6):528-531.
  • Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Harkless LB. Validation of a diabetic wound classification system: the contribution of depth, infection, and ischemia to risk of amputation. Diabetes Care. 1998; 21(5):855-859.
  • Lipsky BA, Berendt AR, Deery HG, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2004; 39(7):885-910.
  • Lipsky BA. Osteomyelitis of the foot in diabetic patients. Clin Infect Dis.  1997; 25(6):1318-1326.
  • Lew DP, Waldvogel FA. Osteomyelitis. Lancet. 2004; 364(9431):369–79. 

  • Frykberg RG, Zgonis T, Armstrong DG, et al. Diabetic foot disorders: a clinical practice guideline (2006 revision). J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006; 45(5):S1-S66.
  • Boulton AJM, Armstrong DG, Albert SF, et al. Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment. Diabetes Care. 2008; 31(8):1679-1685.
  • Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ. Organized programs to prevent lower-extremity amputations. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010; 100(2):101-104.
  • Cychosz C. Current concepts review preventive and therapeutic strategies for diabetic foot ulcers. Foot Ankle Int. 2015: 1071100715611951.
  • Robbins JM, Dillon J. Evidence-based approach to advanced wound care products. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2015; 105(5):456-467.
  • Fedorko L, Bowen JM, Jones W, et al. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy does not reduce indications for amputation in patients with diabetes with nonhealing ulcers of the lower limb: a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2016; 39(3):392-399.
  • Sheehan P, Jones P, Caselli A, et al. Percent change in wound area of diabetic foot ulcers over a 4-week period is a robust predictor of complete healing in a 12-week prospective trial. Diabetes Care. 2003; 26(6):1879-1882.

Biomechanics Articles

  • Hicks JH. The mechanics of the foot: II. The plantar aponeurosis and the arch. J Anat. 1954; 88(Pt 1):25.
  • Kirby KA. Subtalar joint axis location and rotational equilibrium theory of foot function. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2001; 91(9):465-487.
  • Thordarson DB, Schmotzer H, Chon J, Peters J. Dynamic support of the human longitudinal arch: a biomechanical evaluation. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 1995; 316 165-172.

Equinus Articles

  • Amis J. The gastrocnemius: a new paradigm for the human foot and ankle. Foot Ankle Clin. 2014; 19(4):637-647.
  • Amis J. The split second effect: the mechanism of how equinus can damage the human foot and ankle. Frontiers Surg. 2016; 3:38.
  • DiGiovanni CW, Kuo R, Tejwani N, et al. Isolated gastrocnemius tightness. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002; 84(6):962-970.
  • Patel A, DiGiovanni B. Association between plantar fasciitis and isolated contracture of the gastrocnemius. Foot Ankle Int. 2011; 32(1):5-8.
  • Baumann JU, Koch HG. Lengthening of the anterior aponeurosis of musculus gastrocnemius through multiple incisions. Orthoped Traumatol. 1992; 1(4):278-282.
  • Herzenberg JE, Lamm BM, Corwin C, Sekel J. Isolated recession of the gastrocnemius muscle: the Baumann procedure. Foot Ankle Int. 2007; 28(11):1154-1159.

Biomechanics Of The First Ray Articles

  • Johnson CH, Christensen JC. Biomechanics of the first ray part I. The effects of peroneus longus function: A three-dimensional kinematic study on a cadaver model. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1999; 38(5):313-321.
  • Rush SM, Christensen JC, Johnson CH. Biomechanics of the first ray. Part II: metatarsus primus varus as a cause of hypermobility. A three-dimensional kinematic analysis in a cadaver model. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2000; 39(2):68-77.
  • Bierman RA, Christensen JC, Johnson CH. Biomechanics of the first ray. Part III. Consequences of Lapidus arthrodesis on peroneus longus function: a three-dimensional kinematic analysis in a cadaver model. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2001; 40(3):125-131.
  • Roling BA, Christensen JC, Johnson CH. Biomechanics of the first ray. Part IV: the effect of selected medial column arthrodeses. A three-dimensional kinematic analysis in a cadaver model. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2002; 41(5):278-285.
  • Johnson CH, Christensen JC. Biomechanics of the first ray part V: The effect of equinus deformity: A 3-dimensional kinematic study on a cadaver model. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2005; 44(2):114-120.

Hallux Abducto Valgus Biomechanics Articles

  • Dayton P, Feilmeier M, Kauwe M, Hirschi J. Relationship of frontal plane rotation of first metatarsal to proximal articular set angle and hallux alignment in patients undergoing tarsometatarsal arthrodesis for hallux abducto valgus: a case series and critical review of the literature. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2013; 52(3):348-354.
  • Dayton P, Feilmeier M, Kauwe M, et al. Observed changes in radiographic measurements of the first ray after frontal and transverse plane rotation of the hallux: does the hallux drive the metatarsal in a bunion deformity? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2014; 53(5):584-587.
  • Dayton P, Kauwe M, Feilmeier M. Is our current paradigm for evaluation and management of the bunion deformity flawed? A discussion of procedure philosophy relative to anatomy. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2015; 54(1):102-111.
  • Dayton P, Kauwe M, DiDomenico L, et al. Quantitative analysis of the degree of frontal rotation required to anatomically align the first metatarsal phalangeal joint during modified tarsal-metatarsal arthrodesis without capsular balancing. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016; 55(2):220-225.
  • LaPorta GA, Nasser EM, Mulhern JL, Malay DS. The mechanical axis of the first ray: a radiographic assessment in hallux abducto valgus evaluation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016; 55(1):28-34.
  • Perera AM, Mason L, Stephens MM. The pathogenesis of hallux valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011; 93(17):1650-1661.
  • McNeil DS, Baumhauer JF, Glazebrook MA. Evidence-based analysis of the efficacy for operative treatment of hallux rigidus. Foot Ankle Int. 2013; 34(1):15-32.
  • DeSandis B, Pino A, Levine DS, et al. Functional outcomes following first metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis. Foot Ankle Int. 2016; 37(7):715-721.
  • Kramer WC, Parman M, Marks RM. Hammertoe correction with K-wire fixation. Foot Ankle Int. 2015; 36(5):494-502.
  • Conti MS, et al. Optimal position of the heel following reconstruction of the stage II adult-acquired flatfoot deformity. Foot Ankle Int. 2015; 36(8):919-927.
  • Iossi M, Johnson JE, McCormick JJ, Klein SE. Short-term radiographic analysis of operative correction of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. Foot Ankle Int. 2013; 34(6):781-791.
  • Giannini S, Faldini C, Nanni M, et al. A minimally invasive technique for surgical treatment of hallux valgus: simple, effective, rapid, inexpensive (SERI). Int Orthoped. 2013; 37(9):1805-1813.
  • Lamm BM, Stasko PA, Gesheff MG, Bhave A. Normal foot and ankle radiographic angles, measurements, and reference points. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016; 55(5):991-998.
  • Johnson JT, Schuberth JM, Thornton SD, Christensen JC. Joint curettage arthrodesis technique in the foot: a histological analysis. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009; 48(5):558-564.
  • Hyer CF, Berlet GC, Bussewitz BW, et al. Quantitative assessment of the yield of osteoblastic connective tissue progenitors in bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest, tibia, and calcaneus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013; 95(14):1312-1316.
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