When Patients Ask About Barefoot Running And Minimalist Shoes

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Author(s): 
Moderator: Jenny Sanders, DPM Panelists: Richard Blake, DPM, Bill Johncock, DPM, Kevin Kirby, DPM, Doug Richie Jr., DPM, FACFAS, and Nicholas Romansky, DPM, FACFAS

   Dr. Sanders is an Adjunct Clinical Professor within the Department of Applied Biomechanics at the California School of Podiatric Medicine at Samuel Merritt University in Oakland, Calif. She is board-certified by the American Board of Podiatric Medicine. Dr. Sanders is in private practice in San Francisco. She writes a monthly blog for Podiatry Today. One can access her blog at www.podiatrytoday.com/blogs/jenny-l-sanders-dpm/feed .

References
1. Hsu AR. Topical review: barefoot running. Foot Ankle Int. 2012;33(9):787-794.
2. Tucker R. Running technique part III: the scientific evidence for running technique. www.sportsscientists.com/2007/09/running-technique-part-ii-scientific.html . Posted September 27, 2007. Accessed March 29, 2013.
3. McDougall C. Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen. Random House, New York, NY, 2009.
4. Kerr BA, Beauchamp L, et al. Footstrike patterns in distance running. In: Nigg BM (ed): Biomechanical Aspects of Sport Shoes and Playing Surfaces. University Press, Calgary, Canada, 1983, pp.135-142.
5. Hasegawa H, Yamauchi T, Kraemer WJ. Foot strike patterns of runners at the 15-km point during an elite-level half marathon. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(3):888-893.
6. Larson P, Higgins E, et al. Foot strike patterns of recreational and sub-elite runners in a long-distance road race. J Sports Sciences. 2011;29(15):1665-1673.

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Brian Fullem, DPMsays: May 6, 2013 at 2:25 pm

Excellent discussion with many salient points. I have seen a lot of minimalist and even a few true barefoot runners here in Tampa. I think the injury rate is similar to those runners in traditional shoes but different areas - cuboid, sesamoid and metatarsal stress fractures are the most common. I have noted in the last 6 months a decrease in those using Vibrams or other similar shoes and an increase in the use of shoes such as the Brook Pure series or New Balance Minimus, which as Dr Kirby correctly pointed out are not much different from the road racing shoes of the 1960s-1980s.

Brian W. Fullem, DPM
Tampa, FL

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Kevin A. Kirby DPMsays: May 20, 2013 at 11:30 am

Brian:

Thanks for your comments.

As an older runner with 40 years of distance running under my belt, probably one of the most bizarre things I have seen in this "barefoot-minimalist shoe fad" is the claim by the barefoot-minimalist shoe advocates that they have somehow created a new shoe: the minimalist running shoe.

During my high school and college years of competing in cross-country, track and road races from 1972-1979, myself and many other runners in Northern California often wore racing flats that were thinner soled and lower heeled than today's "minimalist shoes." This was over three decades before the barefoot crowd proclaimed that they had invented a new type of running shoe ... the minimalist shoe. Amazing!

I am all for more running shoe selection for the public but I just hope we can put down this nonsense that minimalist shoes are anything more than a return to racing flats for training ... something which many of us were regularly doing back in the 1970s!

Nothing new under the sun.

Cheers,

Kevin A. Kirby, DPM

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Patrick Johnsonsays: June 14, 2013 at 6:27 am

Most advocates of barefoot running are advocating a change in form as much as they are advocating throwing away the shoe. One basic characteristic of this form is that the foot strikes the ground under the body rather than in front. It is difficult to strike under the body with the heel, thus the change to the midfoot or forefoot strike. The biomechanical evidence supporting this form and foot strike is very compelling. This way of coming down with the foot eliminates a sharp impact peak that is present with the heel strike in front of the body.

If you run barefoot, you feel this impact peak more so you naturally change your form to avoid it. Alternatively, you can learn this way of running with a regular shoe and practice.

Then there is the second very interesting discussion about the anthropological history of running barefoot (I.e. were we meant to wear shoes with big heels?).

These are logical arguments from both a scientific and common sense perspective, and should be taken seriously.

Of course, if you are changing your form and your shoes, you need to build up slowly. Most people have very little sense of what building up slowly means. I personally switched to minimalist shoe running over a period of two years starting with short 2-5 minute runs during my lunch break. My calves and Achillies were often sore at the start and needed to be built up. I wouldn't recommend any other approach. My motivation was that I could not previously run due to knee injuries.

Running barefoot and/or minimalist shoes are not new ideas. That is the point. Often an old idea gains popularity for new reasons. The new reasons are those mentioned above.

I find the whole discussion extremely interesting and more than just a fad. This is a debate that has engaged elite runners, Harvard scientists, anthropologists, as well as bloggers and everyday joggers.

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