Performing Surgery On Smokers: What You Should Know
- Volume 26 - Issue 4 - April 2013
- 8785 reads
- 1 comments
24. Moller AM, Pedersen T, Villebro N, Munksgaard A. Effect of smoking on early complications after elective orthopaedic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 2003; 85(2):178-81.
25. Rees TD, Liverett DM, Guy CL. The effect of cigarette smoking on skin-flap survival in the face lift patient. Plast Reconstr Surg 1994; 73(6):911-915.
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28. Donley BG, Ward DM. Implantable electrical stimulation in high-risk hindfoot fusions. Foot Ankle Int. 2002; 23(1):13-18.
29. Frey C, Halikus N, Vu-Rose T. A review of ankle arthrodesis: Predisposing factors to nonunion. Foot Ankle Int. 1994; 15(11):581-584.
30. Cobb TK, Gabrielsen TA, Campbell DC II, et al. Cigarette smoking and nonunion after ankle arthrodesis. Foot Ankle 1994; 15(2):64-67.
31. Holt E, Hansen S, Mayo K, Sangeorzan B. Ankle arthrodesis using internal screw fixation. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 1991; 286:21-28.
Editor’s note: For further reading, see “Study Examines Effect Of Smoking On Elective Foot Surgery” in the November 2009 issue of Podiatry Today or“Does Secondhand Smoke Contribute To Delayed Post-Op Wound Healing?” in the May 2007 issue. For other related articles, visit the archives at www.podiatrytoday.com .