1. Rooke TW, Wennberg PW. Diagnosis and management of diseases of the peripheral arteries and veins. In: Walsh RA, Simon DI, Hoit BD, et al. (eds): Hurst’s The Heart, 12th ed., McGraw Hill, New York, 2007.
2. Hirsh AT, Criqui MH, Treat-Jacobson D, Regensteiner JG, Creager MA, Olin JW, et al. Peripheral arterial disease detection, awareness, and treatment in primary care. JAMA. 2001;286(11):1317-1324
3. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, Adams RJ, Berry JD, Brown TM, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics — 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011;123(4):e18-e209.
4. McDermott MM, Mehta S, Greenland P. Exertional leg symptoms other than intermittent claudication are common in peripheral arterial disease. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159(4):387–392.
5. United States Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for peripheral arterial disease: a brief evidence update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Available at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf05/pad/padup.htm . Published August 2005. Accessed May 21, 2013.
6. Fowkes FG, Housley E, Cawood EH, Macintyre CC, Ruckley CV, Prescott RJ. Edinburgh Artery Study: prevalence of asymptomatic and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease in the general population. Int J Epidemiol. 1991;20(2):384-92.
7. Goldman L, Bennett JC (eds). Cecil's Textbook of Medicine, 21st ed., W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 2000.
8. Schroll M, Munck O. Estimation of peripheral arteriosclerotic disease by ankle blood pressure measurements in a population study of 60 year-old men and women. J Chronic Dis. 1981;34(6):261-9.
9. Meijer WT, Hoes AW, Rutgers D, Bots ML, Hofman A, Grobbee DE. Peripheral arterial disease in the elderly: the Rotterdam study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1998;18(2):185-92
10. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force issues draft recommendation statement: screening for peripheral artery disease and cardiovascular risk assessment with ankle brachial index. Available at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/bulletins/padbulletin.pdf . Published March 19, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2014.
11. American Diabetes Association. Peripheral arterial disease in people with diabetes. Clinical Diabetes. October 2004;22(4):181-189
12. Smith DC, Bilmen GJ, Igbal S, Robey S, Pereira M. Medial artery calcification as an indicator of diabetic peripheral vascular disease. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29(2):185-190.
13. Aerden D, Massaad D, von Kemp K, van Tussenbroek F, Debing E, Keymeulen B, et al. The ankle-brachial index and the diabetic foot: a troublesome marriage. Ann Vasc Surg. 2011;25(6):770-777.
14. Society for Vascular Ultrasound. Lower extremity arterial duplex evaluation guidelines. Available at www.svunet.org/practicemanagement/professionalperformanceguidelines . Published August 10, 2012. Accessed April 23, 2014.
15. Kempczinski RF. Segmental volume plethysmography in the diagnosis of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease. J Cardiovasc Surg. 1982;23(2):125-9.
16. Hatakeyama S, Saito M, Ishigaki K, Yamamoto H, Okamoto A, Ishibashi Y, et al. Skin perfusion pressure is a prognostic factor in hemodialysis patients. Int J Nephrol. 2012;2012:385274. Doi: 10.1155/2012/385274. Epub April 2, 2012.
17. Kanetaka T, Komiyama T, Onozuka A, Miyata T, Shigematsu H. Laser Doppler skin perfusion pressure in the assessment of Raynaud’s phenomenon. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2004;27(4):414-416.
18. Kanai et al. Assessment of upper limb circulation in hemodialysis patients with laser Doppler skin perfusion pressure; Influences of vascular access, 2009 World Congress Nephrology Abstracts, Milan, Italy, May 22-26
19. Aboyans V, Criqui MH, Abraham P, Allison MA, Creager M, Diehm C, et al. Measurement and interpretation of the ankle-brachial index: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012;126(24):2890-909.