An Evidence-Based Medicine Approach To Plantar Fasciitis

Allen Jacobs, DPM, FACFAS

   Dr. Jacobs is in private practice in St. Louis. He is a Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, and the Academy of Physicians in Wound Healing.

1. Tong KB, Furia J. Economic burden of plantar fasciitis treatment in the United States. Am J Orthop. 2010; 39(5):227-31.

2. Sadat-Ali M. Plantar fasciitis/calcaneal spur among security forces personnel. Mil Med. 1998; 163(1):56-57.

3. Rano JA, Fallat LM, Savoy-Moore RT. Correlation of heel pain with body mass index and other characteristics of heel pain. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2001; 40(6):351-6.

4. Riddle DL, Pulsic M, Sparrow K. Impact of demographic and impairment-related variables on disability associated with plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2004; 25(5):311-7.

5. Lemont H, Ammirati KM, Usen NJ. Plantar fasciitis: a degenerative process (fasciosis) without inflammation. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2003; 93(1):234-7.

6. Tsai WC, Wang CL, Tang FT, et al. Treatment of proximal plantar fasciitis with ultrasound-guided steroid injection. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000; 81(10):1416–21.

7. Fabrikant JM, Park TS. Plantar fasciitis (fasciosis) outcome study: plantar fascia thickness measured by ultrasound and correlated with patient self-reported improvement. Foot. 2011; 21(2):79-83.

8. Mahowald S, Legge BS, Grady JF. The correlation between plantar fascia thickness and symptoms of plantar fasciitis. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2011; 101(5):385-9.

9. Hafner S, Han N, Pressman M, Wallace C. Proximal plantar fibroma as an etiology of recalcitrant plantar heel pain. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2011; 50(2):153-7.

10. Sahin N, Ozturk A, Atici T. Foot mobility and plantar fascia elasticity in patients with plantar fasciitis. Acta Orthopedica et Traumatologica Turcic. 2010; 44(5):385-91.

11. Wearing SC, Smeathers JE, Urry SR, et al. Plantar enthesopathy: thickening of the enthesis is correlated with energy dissipation of the plantar fat pad during walking. Am J Sports Med. 2010; 38(12):2522-7.

12. Riberio AP, Trombini-Souza F, Tessutti V, et al. Rearfoot alignment and medial longitudinal arch configurations of runners with symptoms and histories of plantar fasciitis. Clinics. 2011; 66(6):1027-33.

13. Patel A, DiGiovanni B. Association between plantar fasciitis and isolated contracture of the gastrocnemius. Foot Ankle Int. 2011; 32(1):5-8.

14. Riddle DL, Pulsic M, Pidcoe P, Johnson RE. Risk factors for plantar fasciitis: a matched case-control study. J Bone Joint Surg. 2003; 85(5):872-7.

15. Powell M, Post WR, Keener J, Weardens S. Effective treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis with dorsiflexion night splints: a crossover prospective randomized outcome study. Foot Ankle Int. 1998; 19(1):10-18.

16. Wapner Kl, Sharkey PF. The use of night splints for treatment if recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Foot and Ankle. 1991; 12(3):135-7.

17. DiGiovanni B, Nawoczenski DA, Malay DP, et al. Plantar fascia-specific stretching exercise improves outcomes in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis. A prospective clinical trial with two-year follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg. 2006; 88(8):1775-81.

18. Flanigan RM, Nawoczenski DA, Chen L, et al. The influence of foot position on stretching of the plantar fascia. Foot Ankle Int. 2007; 28(7):815-22.

19. Cardinal E, Chhem RK, Beauregard CG et-al. Plantar fasciitis: sonographic evaluation. Radiology. 1996; 201(1):257-9.

20. Karabay N, Toros T, Hurel C. Ultrasonographic evaluation in plantar fasciitis. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2007; 46(6):442-6.

21. Skovdal Rathleff M, Moelgaard C, Olesen L. Intra- and interobserver reliability of quantitative ultrasound measurement of the plantar fascia. J Clin Ultrasound. 2011; 39(3):128-34.

22. Chimutengwende-Gordon M, O’Donnell P, Singh D. Magnetic resonance imaging in plantar heel pain. Foot Ankle Int. 2010; 31(10):865-70.

23. Grasel RP, Schweitzer ME, Kovalovich AM, et al. MR imaging of plantar fasciitis: edema, tears and occult marrow abnormalities associated with outcome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999; 173(3):699-701.

Add new comment