An Evidence-Based Medicine Approach To Plantar Fasciitis

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Author(s): 
Allen Jacobs, DPM, FACFAS

   Dr. Jacobs is in private practice in St. Louis. He is a Fellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, and the Academy of Physicians in Wound Healing.

References
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17. DiGiovanni B, Nawoczenski DA, Malay DP, et al. Plantar fascia-specific stretching exercise improves outcomes in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis. A prospective clinical trial with two-year follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg. 2006; 88(8):1775-81.

18. Flanigan RM, Nawoczenski DA, Chen L, et al. The influence of foot position on stretching of the plantar fascia. Foot Ankle Int. 2007; 28(7):815-22.

19. Cardinal E, Chhem RK, Beauregard CG et-al. Plantar fasciitis: sonographic evaluation. Radiology. 1996; 201(1):257-9.

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21. Skovdal Rathleff M, Moelgaard C, Olesen L. Intra- and interobserver reliability of quantitative ultrasound measurement of the plantar fascia. J Clin Ultrasound. 2011; 39(3):128-34.

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23. Grasel RP, Schweitzer ME, Kovalovich AM, et al. MR imaging of plantar fasciitis: edema, tears and occult marrow abnormalities associated with outcome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999; 173(3):699-701.

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