Current Insights On Treating Ankle Fractures In Patients With Diabetes

Start Page:
Author(s): 
Visoth Chan, DPM, David Pougatsch, DPM, and Ronald Belczyk, DPM

25. American Diabetes Association. Peripheral arterial disease in people with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(12):3333-3341.
26. Hunt TK, Linsey M, Sonne M, Jawettz E. Oxygen tension and wound infection. Surg Forum. 1972;23:47-49.
27. Ramasastry SS. Chronic wound problems. Clin Plast Surg. 1998;25:367-396
28. Stadelmann WK, Digenis AG, Tobin GR. Impediments to wound healing. Am J Surg. 1998; 176(2A Suppl):39S-47S.
29. Macey LR, Kana SM, Jingushi S, Terek RM, Borretos J, Bolander ME. Defects of early fracture-healing in experimental diabetes. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989;71(5):722-733.
30. Lu H, Kraut D, Gerstenfeld LC, Graves DT. Diabetes interferes with the bone formation by affecting the expression of transcription factors that regulates osteoblast differentiation. Endocrinology. 2003;144(1):346-352.
31. Loder RT. The influence of diabetes mellitus on the healing of closed fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988;232:210-216.
32. Prisk VR, Wukich DK. Ankle fractures in diabetes. Foot Ankle Clin. 2006;11(4):849-863.
33. Singh N, Armstrong DG, Lipsy BA. Preventing foot ulcers in diabetes. J Am Med Assoc. 2005;293(2):217-228.
34. Bibbo C, Patel DV. Diabetic neuropathy. Foot Ankle Clin. 2006;11(4):753-774.
35. Pinzur MS. Current concepts review: Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle. Foot Ankle Int. 2007;28(8):952-959.
36. Fabrin J, Larsen K, Holstein PE. Long-term follow-up in diabetic Charcot feet with spontaneous onset. Diabetes Care. 2000;23(6):796-800.
37. Kristiansen B. Ankle and foot fractures in diabetics provoking neuropathic joint changes. Acta Orthop Scan. 1980;51(6):975-979.

image description image description


Post new comment

  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

More information about formatting options

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.