How To Handle Difficult Post-Op Patients
- Volume 21 - Issue 2 - February 2008
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Difficult patients are challenging enough but when the difficult patient is also a postoperative patient, the challenge becomes a medico-legal risk. Difficult patients are not difficult because they have special medical needs. They are difficult because they challenge our defenses, stretch our tolerance and patience, or demand much more of our time than we can give. However, it is possible to care for these challenging patients if you know how.
Taking on a difficult patient can spiral into a battle of wills and wits that you are destined to lose. That is why it is necessary to understand your own limitations and personality. You have to manage your emotions and be as professional and calm as possible, regardless of what your patient says or does. It is important to avoid emotion that clouds your judgment and over-personalizes your interaction with the patient. This takes practice and a willingness to learn from mistakes.
When A Patient Has Unrealistic Expectations
When it comes to a patient’s unrealistic expectations, it is obviously best to manage this in a proactive manner. For surgical candidates, knowing the medical and psychiatric history of the patient is the bare minimum. You have to understand the patient’s past patterns of behavior in order to ascertain future behavior. These patients (or their families) demand results and need to be kept up to date on the specifics of their treatment. They often attempt to have control over every aspect of their care.
Try to build trust early on in order to avoid future conflict. Acknowledge that you are a partner in the patient’s care but that you are also a trained professional with a set of skills and specialized knowledge. Avoid the appearance of condescension. Be thorough with explanations and be sure to dispense patient education handouts about their condition or proposed surgery.
Informed consent should be very thorough. An informed consent is a shared decision between you and your patient. This is not a task to delegate to your office staff. Having the patient sign a long list documenting potential risks and complications without a full discussion with the surgeon is not an informed consent. Informed consent occurs when you have explained, and the patient understands, the diagnosis, recommended treatment, alternative treatment, expected outcome, the risks and complications, and the benefits and risks of doing nothing. Use terms that the patient understands and use a translator if necessary. Document the discussion and note if others (such as family) were present.